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Pieniny

Pieniny

The mountain range Pieniny is divided into three sections: Spišské Pieniny (Spiš Pieniny), Centrálne Pieniny (Central Pieniny) and Malé Pieniny (Small Pieniny).

The area of Pieniny is characterized by its picturesque countryside with preserved elements of folk architecture, narrow fields which are interlaced with lots of steep lanes and small forests that complement the deep forests covering the mountain ridges. There is a unique fauna and flora in Pieniny. This area is also referred to as a cradle of an international nature protection in Europe.

The vegetation has been attracting the attention for more than 200 years. The first known collector of plants and herbs was Cyprian, Camaldulsian monk from the Red Monastery. He created a herbarium of 265 plants and herbs from Pieniny and its surroundings

The wide variety of biotopes in Pieniny leads to the existence of a rich insect community. The area of Pieniny is also rich in various species of invertebrates. 133 species of mollusks, 141 species of spiders, 11 species of dragonflies, 30 species of Orthoptera, 152 species of flies, more than 900 species of bugs and more than 840 species of butterflies live in Pieniny.

There are many tourist attractions in Pieniny. The most interesting of them are the following:

Ľubovňa Castle (Hrad Ľubovňa) – built in 1292 by the Hungarian King Andrew III. The castle served for storing the Polish crown jewels and it was also the place where Móric Beňovský - the famous adventurer was held prisoner. The castle has been awarded a Phoenix Prize – Cultural Monument of 2012 – for the restoration of the Renaissance palace and the innovative ways of making it accessible to the public. The prize was awarded by the Minister of Culture of the Slovak Republic.

Open-air Museum Ľubovňa – introduces the beauty of Spiš and Šariš folk architecture. It is situated beneath the Ľubovňa Castle. A wooden Greek –Catholic Church from Matysová is also situated here.

Nestville Park Hniezdne – offers an exhibition of traditional folk crafts and distillation, which aims to bring the entire sequence of work activities associated with the growing and processing of wheat for the production of alcohol. The first Slovak whisky is made in Nestville Park.

The heart of the exhibition is one of the biggest carved pictures in Europe, depicting the everyday life of the inhabitants of Nestville.

Spa Vyšné Ružbachy – is endowed with a rare underground sea – its unique healing water flows out to the land surface at more than 14 mineral springs. These powerful mineral springs heal the heart and body and the atmosphere of the surrounding nature soothes the soul.

Rafting – is one of the biggest attractions in the north of Slovakia. The most popular is the Dunajec river rafting – rafting in beautiful nature from the Red Monastery to Lesnica. The rafting trip finishes near Pieniny Chalet (Chata Pieniny) where you can enjoy Goral music and Goral Specials Menu. The region of Northern Spiš and Pieniny is a perfect place for all lovers of hiking. 222km of marked tourist trails from the rocks of Pieniny to green meadows of Ľubovnianska vrchovina  and Spišská Magura are perfect for hiking. 

 

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